- The KDP Politburo was the faction of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) led by Ibrahim Ahmed and his son-in-law Jalal Talabani against Mulla Mustafa Barzani, the president of the KDP. Ahmad and Talabani represented the more intellectual and socialist wing of the emerging Kurdish nationalist movement in Iraq, while Barzani headed the more tribally oriented, conservative forces. The relationship between these two factions varied considerably between unity and outright armed struggle. Eventually Barzani won by driving the KDP Politburo over the Iranian frontier. Contritely, Ahmad and Talabani finally rejoined Barzani, who had become the undisputed leader of the Kurdish nationalist movement in Iraq by the mid-1960s.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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Kurdistan Democratic Party — (KDP) The preeminent Kurdish party in Iraq, the Kurdish Democratic Party (renamed Kurdistan Democratic Party in 1953 to indicate that it represented all the people in Iraqi Kurdistan, not just the Kurds), is essentially a nationalist and… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan — (PUK) Following the collapse of Mulla Mustafa Barzani s revolt in March 1975, the Iraqi Kurdish movement Barzani had headed splintered and fell into disarray. On 1 June 1975, Jalal Talabani announced in Damascus the creation of the Patriotic… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Chronology — 401 BCE Kardouchoi harass retreating Greeks, as recorded by Xenophon in his Anabasis. Mid 7th century CE Kurds are Islamicized. 1169 Saladin (most famous Kurd) establishes Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt and Syria. 1187 Saladin defeats Crusaders at the… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Mawat — Mawat is an Iraqi Kurdish town some 30 kilometers northeast of Sulaymaniya and very close to the Iranian border. During the early 1960s, it served as the headquarters of the KDP Politburo headed by Ibrahim Ahmed and Jalal Talabani, who were… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Talabani, Jalal — (1933 ) Jalal Talabani established the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) in June 1975 and has been its secretary general ever since. Along with his rival Massoud Barzani, the president of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), Talabani has… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Ahmed, Ibrahim — (1914 2000) Ahmed was a longtime Iraqi Kurdish rival of Mulla Mustafa Barzani, as well as the father in law and political mentor of Jalal Talabani. He graduated from the faculty of law at the University of Baghdad and published his thesis on… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Barzani, Mulla Mustafa — (1903 1979) Mulla Mustafa Bar zani was the most famous Kurdish leader of the 20th century. His name became virtually synonymous with the Kurdish nationalist movement in Iraq, while his fame made him a legendary hero for Kurds everywhere. He… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Islamic Extremism — (Islamists) With the perceived failure of modern secular nationalism in the Middle East (Gamal Abdul Nasser in Egypt during the 1960s is a good example), Muslim nationalists have increasingly fallen back upon their Islamic roots for… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Sorani — One of the two major Kurdish dialects or languages, Sorani is spoken by some 6 million Kurds in southeastern Iraqi Kurdistan and Iran, while Kurmanji is spoken by some 15 million in Turkey and northwestern Iraqi Kurdistan. Both belong to the… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Demokratische Partei Kurdistan — Emblem der DKP Die Demokratische Partei Kurdistans (DPK) (kurdisch: Partîya Demokrata Kurdistanê PDK) ist eine kurdische Partei, die seit 1979 von Masud Barzani geführt wird. Die Partei besteht seit April 1946 und ist neben der Patriotischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia